“Don’t measure a woman’s worth by her clothes.”

Yesterday, I came across an advertisement, “Don’t measure a woman’s worth by her clothes” by TerreDesFemmes. I think these kind of ads may increase the awareness. 11012759_906118816077256_4425081322609690907_o 10952805_906118812743923_4355949265686924826_o 11046449_906118809410590_1833782217387237950_o

Images are taken from the TerreDesFemmes Facebook account.

Judith Butler: Your Behavior Creates Your Gender

Nobody is born one gender or the other, says the philosopher. “We act and walk and speak and talk in ways that consolidate an impression of being a man or being a woman.”

Question: What does it mean that gender is performative?
Judith Butler: It’s one thing to say that gender is performed and that is a little different from saying gender is performative.  When we say gender is performed we usually mean that we’ve taken on a role or we’re acting in some way and that our acting or our role playing is crucial to the gender that we are and the gender that we present to the world.  To say that gender is performative is a little different because for something to be performative means that it produces a series of effects. We act and walk and speak and talk in ways that consolidate an impression of being a man or being a woman.
I was walking down the street in Berkeley when I first arrived several years ago and a young woman who was I think in high school leaned out of her window and she yelled, “Are you a lesbian?”, and she was looking to harass me or maybe she was just freaked out or she thought I looked like I probably was one or wanted to know and I thought to myself well I could feel harassed or stigmatized, but instead I just turned around and I said yes I am and that really shocked her.
We act as if that being of a man or that being of a women is actually an internal reality or something that is simply true about us, a fact about us, but actually it’s a phenomenon that is being produced all the time and reproduced all the time, so to say gender is performative is to say that nobody really is a gender from the start.  I know it’s controversial, but that’s my claim.

Question: How should this notion of gender performativity change the way we look at gender?
Judith Butler: Think about how difficult it is for sissy boys or how difficult it is for tomboys to function socially without being bullied or without being teased or without sometimes suffering threats of violence or without their parents intervening to say maybe you need a psychiatrist or why can’t you be normal. So there are institutional powers like psychiatric normalization and there are informal kinds of practices like bullying which try to keep us in our gendered place.
I think there is a real question for me about how such gender norms get established and policed and what the best way is to disrupt them and to overcome the police function. It’s my view that gender is culturally formed, but it’s also a domain of agency or freedom and that it is most important to resist the violence that is imposed by ideal gender norms, especially against those who are gender different, who are nonconforming in their gender presentation.  

Thanks to http://bigthink.com .

“Sidewalk”

Excellent award winning animation from the . Thanks for this animation to show women how to love themselves while their body is changing.

AWARDS & RECOGNITION
ASIFA-East Animation Festival (NYC, NY) WINNER, INDEPENDENT FILMS: FIRST PLACE
Lunafest 2014 Winner (toured in over 100 US cities)
Chicago International Children’s Film Festival (Chicago, IL) YOUTH JURY PRIZE, 2ND PRIZE
Black Maria Film and Video Festival (Jersey City, NJ) JURY’S CITATION AWARD, 2ND PRIZE
WAMMFest (Women and Minorities in Media Fest) (Towson, MD) WINNER FOR BEST ANIMATION
Pittsburgh Independent Film Festival (Pittsburgh, PA) WINNER FOR BEST ANIMATION
VIMEO Staff Pick

SCREENINGS
High Falls Film Festival (Rochester, NY)
Anifilm International Festival of Animated Films (Třeboň, Czech Republic)
Flying Broom Int’l Women’s Film Festival (Ankara, Turkey)
ASIFA-East Animation Festival (NYC, NY) — WINNER, INDEPENDENT FILMS: FIRST PLACE
Annecy + (Annecy, France)
Femina International Women’s Film Festival (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
Animation Block Party (Brooklyn, NY)
Anima Mundi (Rio de Janeiro/Sao Paulo, Brazil)
Martha’s Vineyard International Film Festival (Vineyard Haven, MA)
Naperville Independent Film Festival (Naperville, IL)
Coney Island Film Festival (Brooklyn, NY)
Woodstock Film Festival (Woodstock, NY)
Film Columbia Festival (Chatham, NY)
Aesthetica Short Film Festival (York, UK)
Cutout Fest International Film Festival (Queretaro, Mexico)
Klik Amsterdam Animation Festival (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
DC Independent FIlm Festival (Washington DC)
Florida Film Festival (Maitland, Florida)
Twillerama, at the Legion Bar (Brooklyn, NY)
Bolderlife Festival (Denver, CO)

Recent Statistics for Cyber Harassment

Thanks to Pew Research Center, we can gather the recent cyber harassment statistics. This survey was conducted May 30 – June 30, 2014 and self-administered via the internet by 2,849 web users, with a margin of error of plus or minus 2.4 percentage points. Here some important statistics for the cyber harassment:


Those who witnessed harassment said they had seen at least one of the following occur to others online:

  • 60% of internet users said they had witnessed someone being called offensive names
  • 53% had seen efforts to purposefully embarrass someone
  • 25% had seen someone being physically threatened
  • 24% witnessed someone being harassed for a sustained period of time
  • 19% said they witnessed someone being sexually harassed
  • 18% said they had seen someone be stalked

Those who have personally experienced online harassment said they were the target of at least one of the following online:

  • 27% of internet users have been called offensive names
  • 22% have had someone try to purposefully embarrass them
  • 8% have been physically threatened
  • 8% have been stalked
  • 7% have been harassed for a sustained period
  • 6% have been sexually harassed

Among those who have experienced online harassment, 60% decided to ignore their most recent incident while 40% took steps to respond to it. Those who responded to their most recent incident with online harassment took the following steps:

  • 47% of those who responded to their most recent incident with online harassment confronted the person online
  • 44% unfriended or blocked the person responsible
  • 22% reported the person responsible to the website or online service
  • 18% discussed the problem online to draw support for themselves
  • 13% changed their username or deleted their profile
  • 10% withdrew from an online forum
  • 8% stopped attending certain offline events or places
  • 5% reported the problem to law enforcement

References: http://www.pewinternet.org/2014/10/22/online-harassment/

Web Index

World Wide Web Foundation’s 2014–15 Web Index shows that most of the countries fail to protect the women by law. According to the web index,

  • 84% of the countries do not have effective laws and privacy of the online communications
  • 74% of the countries are not doing enough to stop online violence against women
  • 26% of young women aged 18-24 have been stalked online, and 25% were the target of online sexual harassment
  • 6 million instances of the word “slut” or “whore” in English on Twitter over a six-week period in early 2014;

For more information please check the http://thewebindex.org/.

References : http://thewebindex.org/

Academic Articles for the Cyber Violence (Updated continuously)

Here, I will list the academic articles and links  that it would be useful for the cyber violence studies. I will update this post whenever I found and I thought that it would be useful for these studies.

Cyber Violence

  1. Jessica West, “Cyber-Violence Against Women”, Battered Women’s Support Services
  2. Flavia Fascendini and Kateřina Fialova, Voices from Digital Spaces: Technology Related Violence Against Women, ed. Maia Marie (n.p.: Association for Progressive Communications, 2011)

Cyber Stalking

  1. Cynthia Southworth, Jerry Finn, Shawndell Dawson, Cynthia Fraser, and Sarah Tucker Intimate Partner Violence, Technology, and Stalking Violence Against Women August 2007 13: 842-856, doi:10.1177/1077801207302045
  2. Angela Maxwell, “Cyberstalking”, Department of Psychology, Auckland University, June 2001
  3. Ellison, L., & Akdeniz, Y., “Cyber-stalking: the Regulation of Harassment on the Internet,” 1998 Criminal Law Review, December Special Edition: Crime, Criminal Justice and the Internet, pp 29-48

Cyber Harassment

  1. Azy Barak, “Sexual Harassment on the Internet”, Social Science Computer Review Spring 2005 23: 77-92, doi:10.1177/0894439304271540
  2. Online Harassment, Pew Research Center, October 22, 2014, http://www.pewinternet.org/2014/10/22/online-harassment/
  3. Internet Harassment, http://www.unc.edu/courses/2010spring/law/357c/001/internetharassment/internet-harassment.html
  4. Sexual Harassment on the Internet http://www.unc.edu/courses/2010spring/law/357c/001/internetharassment/internet-harassment.html

Cyber Bullying

  1. Jordan Fairbairn, Rena Bivens, Myrna Dawson “Sexual Violence and Social Media Building a Framework for Prevention”, Crime Prevention Ottawa, August 2013
  2. Özgür Erdur-Baker, “Cyberbullying and its correlation to traditional bullying, gender and frequent and risky usage of internetmediated communication tools”, new media & society 12(1) 109–125, 2010
  3. CHISHOLM, J. F. (2006), Cyberspace Violence against Girls and Adolescent Females. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1087: 74–89. doi: 10.1196/annals.1385.022
  4. Catherine D. Marcum, George E. Higgins, Tina L. Freiburger, Melissa L. Ricketts, “Battle of the sexes: An examination of male and female cyber bullying”, International Journal of Cyber Criminology (IJCC) ISSN:0974 – 2891, January – June 2012, Vol 6 (1): 904–911

Battered Women’s Support Service Survey

Battered Women’s Support Service, in short BWSS, contribute to the freedom and liberation of girls and women from violence and to empower our community through training and education program. They also deal with the cyber violence against women. Their mission according to their site is

Battered Women’s Support Services provides education, advocacy and support services to assist all battered women in its aim to work towards the elimination of violence and to work from a feminist perspective that promotes equality for all women

They prepare booklets for the cyber violence to increase the awareness, they engage a research in this issue and make surveys to deal with the cyber violence and to understand the effects of the cyber violence.

For the ones who want to give their support for the cyber violence research and want to share their thoughts and experience. please follow the link below.

http://www.bwss.org/cyber-bullying-as-gender-based-violence/